Last week in Kyiv, former NATO Secretary General of NATO, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, and Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine, Andriy Yermak, presented the Kyiv Security Compact, a list of recommendations to provide “binding” international security guarantees for Ukraine.
Yermak lauded the proposed Compact, stating “we need a military power strong enough to discourage the Russians’ desire for revenge. And capable of causing irreparable damage to the aggressor if this desire turns out to be irresistible.”
“Security guarantees are aimed at helping us create such power,” he said.
At the same time, Yermak emphasized that the agreement on security guarantees for Ukraine is not a substitute for joining NATO – it is a means of ensuring security until this accession takes place.
The recommendations include a “multi-decade effort of sustained investment in Ukraine’s defence industrial base, scalable weapons transfers and intelligence support from allies, intensive training missions and joint exercises under the European Union and NATO flags.”
The document emphasizes “The security guarantees will be positive”, and “They need to be binding based on bilateral agreements, but brought together under a joint strategic partnership document – called the Kyiv Security Compact.”
The security guarantors bound by the Compact “could include the US, UK, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Australia, Turkey, and Nordic, Baltic, Central and Eastern European countries.”
Former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Ukraine’s victory was the priority, and the Compact would send the right signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“The adoption of these recommendations will send a powerful signal to Vladimir Putin. This would show that our loyalty to Ukraine will not waver, that his war is futile. It would also send a signal to the Ukrainian people that we will loyally support the independence and sovereignty of Ukraine for as long as it takes. Doing it right means laying a new cornerstone of European security. If this is not done, it will mean an aggravation of the crisis on European soil,”
Russia Warns About Escalation
Russia reacted strongly to the publication to the publication of the Kyiv Security Compact.
Leonid Slutsky, the chair of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs of the Russian Federation and leader of the LDPR (Liberal Democratic Party of Russia), called the proposed Compact an “escalation”.
“All of the recommendations posted by the President’s Office of Ukraine are aimed solely at further escalation, not at solving the current situation. Basically, the proposal is to reaffirm the advance of the military infrastructure of Western countries to the Russian borders, plying [Ukraine – ed.] with Western weapons.
This is not a security guarantee, it is a draft pact on the involvement of NATO countries and their allies in the conflict [in Ukraine – ed.]. The proposal is against Russia, against a nuclear state. I hope that all of Kyiv’s Western partners are well aware of what they are being asked to sign up for,” Slutsky said.
Slutsky also expressed disbelief at the clause that the security guarantees “are not a replacement for Ukraine joining NATO.”